Kudüs Fatihi Selahaddin Eyyubi EPISODE 25 with Urdu Subtitles by GiveMe5

This is Episode No 25 of Kudüs Fatihi Selahaddin Eyyubi with Urdu Subtitles by GiveMe5.

Salahaddin Ayubi and Noor ud-Din Zengi: Struggles for Gaza

Gaza, a region with significant historical and strategic importance, has been the focal point of numerous conflicts and struggles throughout history. Among the most notable figures who contended for control over Gaza were Salahaddin Ayubi (Saladin) and Noor ud-Din Zengi (Nur ad-Din Zangi). Their struggles for Gaza were part of the broader context of the Crusades, a series of religious and territorial wars between Christian and Muslim forces in the medieval period.

Noor ud-Din Zengi’s Early Struggles

Noor ud-Din Zengi, a prominent Muslim leader and a member of the Turkish Zengid dynasty, played a critical role in the defense and expansion of Muslim territories in the Levant during the mid-12th century. After the death of his father, Imad ad-Din Zengi, Noor ud-Din assumed control of Aleppo and embarked on a mission to consolidate Muslim power and resist the advancing Crusader states.

Noor ud-Din’s strategy involved not only military prowess but also diplomatic acumen. He sought to unify the fragmented Muslim territories and build a coalition strong enough to confront the Crusaders. Gaza, located at the crossroads of Africa and Asia, was a strategic target due to its position as a gateway to Egypt and its proximity to Jerusalem, a major objective for both Crusaders and Muslims.

In the early 1160s, Noor ud-Din focused on securing Damascus, a key city that would strengthen his hold on Syria. His successful campaign in Damascus solidified his position and allowed him to direct his attention towards Gaza and the Crusader-held territories. Noor ud-Din’s efforts were characterized by a combination of direct military engagements and efforts to undermine Crusader supply lines and fortifications.

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Salahaddin Ayubi’s Rise

Salahaddin Ayubi, known in the West as Saladin, emerged as a key figure under the patronage of Noor ud-Din. Born in Tikrit in 1137, Saladin was of Kurdish origin and grew up under the influence of the Zengid court. He quickly proved himself as a capable military leader and strategist, earning the trust of Noor ud-Din.

In 1169, Saladin was appointed as the vizier of Egypt, then a region under the control of the Fatimid Caliphate. This appointment was a strategic move by Noor ud-Din to expand his influence over Egypt, which was crucial for any efforts to contest Crusader power in the region. Saladin’s leadership in Egypt was marked by his efforts to fortify the region against Crusader incursions and to unify the Muslim front.

The Strategic Importance of Gaza

Gaza’s significance cannot be overstated. It was not just a military stronghold but also a vital trade and supply route. Control over Gaza meant dominance over the southern approaches to the Levant and influence over the Red Sea trade routes. For both Noor ud-Din and Saladin, securing Gaza was essential for ensuring a stable supply line and for launching further operations against the Crusaders.

The struggle for Gaza was part of the larger conflict between the Muslim forces and the Crusaders, who had established several states in the region after the First Crusade. These states included the Kingdom of Jerusalem, which posed a continuous threat to Muslim territories.

Saladin’s Campaigns

After Noor ud-Din’s death in 1174, Saladin succeeded in consolidating power in Egypt and Syria. His campaigns were marked by a combination of military engagements and diplomatic efforts to unify the Muslim front. One of Saladin’s primary goals was to recapture Jerusalem and to establish Muslim dominance over the region, including Gaza.

In the late 1170s and early 1180s, Saladin launched several campaigns to weaken the Crusader states. His strategy involved not just direct assaults but also cutting off their supply lines and capturing strategic fortresses. Gaza, due to its strategic location, was a focal point in these campaigns.

Saladin’s efforts to secure Gaza culminated in several key battles. His forces faced the Crusaders in numerous skirmishes and sieges, with the control of Gaza shifting multiple times. Saladin’s persistence paid off in 1187 with the decisive Battle of Hattin, where his forces defeated the Crusader army, paving the way for the recapture of Jerusalem and surrounding territories, including Gaza.

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Consolidation and Aftermath

With Gaza under Muslim control, Saladin was able to secure the southern approaches to the Levant. This victory was not just a military triumph but also a significant boost to the morale of the Muslim forces. The control of Gaza allowed Saladin to stabilize his supply lines and to prepare for further campaigns against remaining Crusader strongholds.

Saladin’s success in Gaza and the subsequent capture of Jerusalem were pivotal moments in the Crusades. They demonstrated the effectiveness of unified Muslim leadership and strategic military planning. The struggle for Gaza highlighted the importance of controlling key geographical points and the impact of leadership in shaping the course of history.

Noor ud-Din’s Legacy and Saladin’s Leadership

The struggles of Noor ud-Din and Saladin for Gaza are emblematic of the broader conflict between Muslim and Crusader forces during the medieval period. Noor ud-Din’s efforts to unify Muslim territories and to establish a strong defensive front against the Crusaders laid the groundwork for Saladin’s later successes.

Saladin’s leadership and military acumen were crucial in translating Noor ud-Din’s vision into reality. His ability to inspire and lead his forces, combined with his strategic insights, enabled him to achieve significant victories, including the capture of Gaza. Saladin’s campaigns were not just about territorial gains but also about the restoration of Muslim pride and power in the region.


The struggles for Gaza involving Noor ud-Din Zengi and Salahaddin Ayubi were pivotal in the history of the Crusades. Gaza’s strategic importance made it a key objective for both Muslim and Crusader forces. Noor ud-Din’s early efforts to consolidate Muslim power and Saladin’s subsequent campaigns to secure and fortify the region highlight the complexities and challenges of medieval warfare and diplomacy.

These struggles underscore the enduring significance of leadership, unity, and strategic vision in achieving military and political objectives. The legacy of Noor ud-Din and Saladin’s efforts in Gaza continues to be remembered as a testament to their determination and skill in the face of formidable challenges.

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