Payitaht: Sultan Abdülhamid EPISODE 08 Season 01 with Urdu Dubbing by GiveMe5.This is Episode 08 of Payitaht Abdul Hameed. In Walk 1878, the Russians and the Ottomans denoted a Settlement at San Stefano, a little town arranged on the edges of Istanbul. By its terms, the Ottomans gave up the districts of Kars, Ardahan and Batum in the east to Russia. The Waterways would be accessible to Russian conveyance. The opportunity of Rumania, Montenegro, Serbia and Bulgaria was perceived. Montenegro and Serbia were stretched out to integrate colossal sections of Bosnia and Albania. Bulgaria was repaid with all of eastern Rumelia and northern Thrace and its areas created more than three overlay to loosen up from the Danube Waterway to the Aegean Ocean. The dream of the Rulers to make a Balkan political scene instructed by Russia was fulfilled. The Ottomans assented to pay a conflict reimbursement of 24 billion kurush to the Emperor throughout a period of 100 years. Immediately, the terms were out and out surrender by the Ottomans.
The Settlement of San Stefano was unsatisfactory to the following European powers. Britain and France were against a Russian overpowered Bulgaria loosening up to the Aegean Ocean. Austria addressed Russian effect over Serbia and Montenegro. Bismarck of Germany, lined up with Austria and Russia in the Class of the Three Rulers, comprehended that aside from assuming quick advances were taken to stop the situation, war might discharge between his two accomplices. Consequently, he agreed to collect a social occasion of the main powers in Berlin, wherein all of the arrangements of the Deal of San Stefano would be reconsidered.
The Arrangement of San Stefano was inadmissible to the following European powers. Britain and France were against a Russian overpowered Bulgaria loosening up to the Aegean Ocean. Austria addressed Russian effect over Serbia and Montenegro. Bismarck of Germany, lined up with Austria and Russia in the Class of the Three Heads, comprehended that aside from assuming quick advances were taken to stop the situation, war might radiate between his two accomplices. In this way, he agreed to collect a get-together of the central powers in Berlin, wherein all of the arrangements of the Deal of San Stefano would be reworked.
The Deal of Berlin, which wrapped up in July 1878, parceled Bulgaria into three areas. The northern part would be independent under Russian heading anyway would honor the King. The ensuing part, east Rumelia, would be under Ottoman control yet with a mixed Muslim-Christian association directed by the powers. The southern part, containing Thrace and southern Rumelia were returned to arrange Ottoman association. Bosnia-Herzegovina was put under Austrian control.
The opportunity of Montenegro and Serbia was acknowledged. As a “wellbeing measure” against additional Russian military load against the Porte, England included Cyprus on the appearance that it could rapidly respond to any future risks by the Ruler. Footstool war reimbursements to Russia were decreased to 350,000 kurush consistently for quite a while. The Meeting of Berlin thusly fixed the fate of the Ottoman Domain in Europe with simply a backside area of district left to communicate Istanbul with Albania. Eastward, the Ottomans lost a couple of regions in Armenia and Azerbaijan. Perhaps, as in a general sense, the cost of the conflict drained them fiscally. The conflict repayments to Russia added to the authoritatively crushing commitment portions to European financial backers.
The Russian assault of 1877-1878 and its outcome significantly impacted the young Ruler. Abdul Hamid comprehended the pointlessness of grasping European districts where the Christians were a prevailing part. His Christian vassals had revolted and had upheld the Russians, no matter what the progressions laid out under the tanzeemat and regardless of the depiction given to them in the new Ottoman parliament. He was significantly confused with the central powers which had let down the Ottomans despite their settlement responsibilities. It ended up obvious that the main powers needed nothing not precisely amount to gutting of the Ottoman Domain. These sensations of anxiety were in a little while certified by French returns forward North Africa and English returns ahead Egypt. The conflict had brought an immense number of Muslim outsiders into Istanbul, getting away from the mass butcher that sought after the Russian turn of events. Having lost everything in their flight, these dislodged individuals were incredibly serious towards their Christian neighbors. These parts made the Ruler leave Europe and reorient his fixation towards the Muslim Center East.